All of Portugal’s coast is on the Atlantic Ocean, not the Mediterranean Sea. Map from

Distances to and from Bar Harbor, Rabat, St. John’s and Denver. Base map from Great Circle Mapper at Distances added by the author.

Base map from Great Circle Maps at Distances and names added by the author. Distances on the map are shown to the main city of the Azores, Ponta Delgada on São Miguel Island.

The ten counties with names in Red have the 10 highest percentages of persons in poverty; the 10 with names in Black have the smallest percentages. Base map from County names and line added by the author.

Areas of the 100-degree meridian with concentrations of Native Americans, Hispanics and African Americans. See text for details. Base map from Calculations and markings added by the author.

Map by Alex Egoshin on Meridian and dots showing the 4 counties with the highest percentage of those 65 or older added by the author.

Counties in orange lost population between 2010 and 2020. Map from the US Census Bureau. 100-degree meridian added by the author. Location of the meridian is approximate.

Jim Fonseca

Geography professor (retired) writes about New England, the Fifty States, politics, urban geography, cultural geography, Portuguese Americans, novels

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